Non-overlapping multi-camera detection and tracking of vehicles in tunnel surveillance


We propose a real-time multi-camera tracking approach to follow vehicles in a tunnel surveillance environment with multiple non-overlapping cameras. In such system, vehicles have to be tracked in each camera and passed correctly from one camera to another through the tunnel. This task becomes extremely difficult when intra-camera errors are accumulated. Most typical issues to solve in tunnel scenes are due to low image quality, poor illumination and lighting from the vehicles. Vehicle detection is performed using Adaboost detector, speeded up by separating different cascades for cars and trucks improving general accuracy of detection. A Kalman Filter with two observations, given by the vehicle detector and an averaged optical flow vector, is used for single-camera tracking. Information from collected tracks is used for feeding the inter-camera matching algorithm, which measures the correlation of Radon transform-like projections between the vehicle images. Our main contribution is a novel method to reduce the false positive rate induced by the detection stage. We impose recall over precision in the detection correctness, and identify false positives patterns which are then included subsequently in a high-level decision making step. Results are presented for the case of 3 cameras placed consecutively in an inter-city tunnel. We demonstrate the increased tracking performance of our method compared to existing Bayesian filtering techniques for vehicle tracking in tunnel surveillance.

Digital Image Computing Techniques and Applications, International conference, Proceedings